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What is Bladder Cancer

  • Most of the bladder tumours are like small mushrooms, appearing first in the innermost layer of the bladder. After some period, they will spread to the muscular wall of the bladder and other parts of the body
  • Smoking, people having frequent contact with chemicals, with frequent cystitis, family history and males are at risk of bladder cancer
  • Is common among people aged between 55 and 70

Symptoms

  • Haematuria
  • Urinary frequency
  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Feel the urinating being blocked

Diagnosis

  • Cystoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Computer Scan Urogram
  • Radioistopes Bone Scan

Treatment

  • Transurethral Removal of Bladder Tumour
  • Intravesical Chemotherapy
  • BCG Intravesical Immunotherapy
  • Cystectomy
  • Radiation Therapy

Sources
http://www21.ha.org.hk/smartpatient/SPW/en-US/Disease-Information/Cancer-In-Focus/Details/?guid=5d61755f-c012-458b-ad36-4d89bf36e627